Against all odds, prekindergarten is gaining ground.
President Barack Obama called again in his State of the Union address for Congress to support high-quality preschool for all, noting that 30 states are already moving ahead on this front (including New York).
“Research shows that one of the best investments we can make in a child’s life is high-quality early education,” Obama said. The House speaker, John Boehner, who sat stonily through most of Obama’s speech, applauded that line. Congress also unexpectedly increased financing this year for early education.
Aside from apple pie, preschool may
Yet one obstacle is the misperception that early education has been debunked by researchers — when, in fact, it’s the opposite. With so many programs and billions of dollars at stake, let’s carefully review the evidence.
Advocates focus on the
Yet critics correctly note that programs often work when small but don’t scale up. It’s an open question whether those two programs would have an impact as great today if they were rolled out nationwide.
Republican critics focus on (and misunderstand) a major, well-designed project called the Head Start Impact Study. It found that Head Start produces educational gains that fade away. By third grade, when the research ended, there was little detectable difference between those assigned to Head Start and those in control groups.