If any given religion and its holy writings can be used to support diametrically opposed conclusions about how to live life and how to approach politics, why should religious faith be taken seriously?
Please forgive such a stark question on Christmas week, a time when we tend to file away hard issues in the name of joy, warmth, family and, yes, commerce. And let's stipulate that this is a healthy impulse in light of the meanness that characterizes so many of our debates.
But the defrocking of a Methodist minister for performing a gay wedding service and the “Duck Dynasty” controversy remind us that the appearance of a Savior whose ministry led to the creation of one of the world's most durable religions did not end our battles with each other over what God demands.
Last week, the Rev. Frank Schaefer lost his status as a United Methodist clergyman because he officiated at his gay son's wedding. Both Schafer and the church officials who disciplined him argued, passionately, that they were upholding Christian principles. Schaefer saw himself acting under the obligation of universal love that was at the heart of Jesus' teaching. His opponents cited Methodist doctrine that the practice of homosexuality is “incompatible with Christian teaching.”
My own sympathies are with Schaefer, since I see our attitudes toward gays and lesbians as being shaped by culture, which is a human product, not by divine command. Jesus, most orthodox believers would agree, set aside the law when he saw it as violating our primary duty to love God and neighbor. Pope Francis did not change the Catholic position on gay marriage, yet he has won accolades from the gay community for his simple (and very Christian) declaration, “Who am I to judge them if they're seeking the Lord in good faith?”
Still, the social conservatives have a point when they say that those of us with more liberal views on homosexuality are, in fact, asking the Christian tradition to break with its own past. That would certainly be Phil Robertson's view. He was suspended from A&E's hit show “Duck Dynasty” for telling GQ that “homosexual behavior” could “just morph out” into “bestiality.”