Imagine, with me, one of Santa Rosa's few “Negro” (a term that was politically correct in 1963) families crowded around a small, rabbit-eared TV, peering into the gray and black snowy screen, looking for one man among 250,000 people.
Impossible, yes. At the moment, the sighting far overshadowed secret concern for the safety of Gilbert Gray, then president of the Santa Rosa NAACP, the only local member who made the journey. Why would this family be concerned for his safety? Because 1963 was unsafe for Negroes.
What was contained in the inner spirit of this man, husband, father of nine children, who found courage enough to place himself in jeopardy in response to a call to demand an end to Jim Crow, the right to vote, school integration, fair housing, equal pay and justice? Part of the answer can now be found in history.
Known as the “Big Six,” a coalition of civil rights organizations, all with different approaches and different agendas, spent almost three years in galvanizing and organizing. Their goal was a large turnout, and they overcame their differences for the day.
They were James Farmer of the Congress of Racial Equality; the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; John Lewis of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; Roy Wilkins of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; and Whitney Young, Jr. of the National Urban League. Various labor unions were in support, but the powerful AFL-CIO remained neutral. Numerous faith-based groups supported the march.
President John F. Kennedy originally “discouraged” the march fearing that it would cause Congress to vote against pending civil rights legislation in reaction to a perceived threat. As it became clear that the march would go on, support reluctantly was given.
Opposition came from two sides. White supremacist groups, including the Ku Klux Klan, were absolutely opposed to any event supporting racial equality.