Can you name a miracle food that is universally available, free and can save children's lives and maybe even make them smarter? That's not a trick question. There really is such a substance, now routinely squandered, that global health experts believe could save more than 800,000 lives annually. While you're puzzling over the answer, let me tell you how I just saw it save a life here in West Africa.
I'm on my annual win-a-trip journey, in which I take a university student along with me so we can report on global poverty. The winner, Erin Luhmann of the University of Wisconsin, and I randomly stopped in a village near the Malian town of Mopti to ask about food shortages.
Then we spotted a baby boy who was starving to death. The infant, only 3 weeks old, was wizened from severe malnutrition and had the empty, unresponsive face of a child shutting down everything else to keep his organs functioning.
The teenage mother, Seyda Allaye, said that she didn't have much milk and that the baby wasn't nursing well. She saw that he was dying and that morning had invested in cow's milk in hopes of saving him.
Erin and I had a vehicle, so we offered to take her and her son to a hospital to see if doctors could save his life. At the hospital, a doctor examined the baby, asked his mother to try to nurse him and immediately diagnosed the problem.
“The mother doesn't know how to breast-feed properly,” said the doctor, Amidou Traoré. “We see lots of cases of child mortality like this.” Traoré repositioned Seyda Allaye's arm, helped the infant latch on to her breast, and the baby came alive. And there's the answer to my opening question. The miracle food that could save so many lives is: breast milk.
The latest nutritional survey from The Lancet estimates that suboptimal breast-feeding claims the lives of 804,000 children annually. That's more than the World Health Organization's estimate of malaria deaths each year.