One of the many problems counselors and psychologists addressing this Newtown tragedy face is the different emotional and cognitive developmental levels of children they counsel.
That is, not all young children are alike. They have different ways of expressing themselves, particularly in how they deal with grief and death.
Some children are more verbal and feel comfortable speaking to adults about grief, while others are non-verbal and will internalize it. The key factor is the approach the counselor uses to address the children's pain or grief. For example, most experienced counselors understand these differences, which is why they use different modes of therapy to reach individuals, especially young children dealing with death.
Fortunately, many grief counselors use the expressive arts, such as art therapy, as their main strategy for helping children deal with often-unspeakable thoughts and emotions associated with death.
Art therapy is to draw, paint, sculpt or use any other medium to express emotion without words.
“It's always been a powerful way to express emotions without words,” said art therapist Mary Gambarony of the Riverview Medical Center in Red Bank, N.J. “It allows children to take the pain and to take the sadness, take the frustration, take the questions and put it outside of themselves and that's very healing in itself to get it out of you .
Art can stimulate multiple areas of the brain, particularly when one is attempting to heal a child's psyche associated with a major tragedy.
When a counselor attempts to help a child speak about a tragedy, he often focuses on the verbal or linguistic areas of the brain, which can negate children whose cognitive processes are more non-verbal. Conversely, forcing only the non-verbal expression does not address the needs of children who can be verbally expressive. Even for the verbal child, discussion does not lead to expressing the depth of grief, while an artistic expression can often allow the experience.